The Imagination´s Art
1.- Gary Kasparov
Who has been the only man to beat a machine in the game of chess, compares creativity with the ability to imagine or recall the possibility of 9 million plays on a chess board, or the ability to remember 56 moves from the first to the last to beat the opponent in chess.
2.- Marcel Proust
Creator of the phenomenological whose ideas embodied in his writings “In Search of Lost Time”, seven books, masterpiece of melancholy and the slowness that rescues from oblivion a perfume, an ornament a precious or ungrateful thing, a face, some beings, a society deformed or ruined by time, and especially I’m going to refer to Swan loves where their innate ideas come from childhood go through their asthmatic disease and are transformed into one idea after another by a process, in a phase that would generate the six subsequent books.
3.- John Nash- Nobel Prize 1994, when discovering Nash equilibrium (game theory), could we not say that it came from intuition or from knowledge or both? But if we could assert that the information of their knowledge influenced the discovery of the formula that is applied in the field of biology, negotiation and wars. Therefore we must pay attention to the information to be learned and attention is a limited resource. Therefore to achieve creativity in an existing field would have to have extra attention.
The life of John Forbes Nash has inspired a biography and film of extraordinary success: “A beautiful mind”, “A wonderful mind”.
American economist and professor at Princeton University of New Jersey. He won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1994, shared with John C. Harsanyi for the theory of non-cooperative games.
When, at twenty, he applied to be admitted as a student at Princeton, the letter of recommendation written by his professor R.J. Duffin had only one line: “This man is a genius.”
At age 21 he wrote a thesis of less than thirty pages in which he first presented his solution for non-cooperative strategic games, which since then was called “the Nash equilibrium”, which had an immediate recognition among all the specialists.
The point of balance of Nash is a situation in which none of the players feels the temptation to change strategy since any change would imply a decrease in their payments. Von Neumann and Oskar Morgenstern had already offered a similar solution but only for zero-sum games. For the formal description of the problem and its solution, Nash used better response functions and the fixed-point theorem of mathematicians Brouwer and Kakutani.
In the following years he published new writings with original solutions for some mathematical problems and game theory, highlighting the “Nash haggling solution” for cooperative two-person games. He also proposed what has been called “the Nash program” for the reduction of all cooperative games to a non-cooperative framework.
At twenty-nine, he was diagnosed with a paranoid schizophrenia that left him practically marginalized from society and useless for scientific work for two decades. After that lapse, in the seventies, he regained his mental health and was able to return to teaching and research with great new contributions.
These were his words
Now it seems that I have come back to thinking rationally again, in the characteristic style of scientists. However, this is not something to be happy about as if someone with some physical limitation had recovered his good health. One aspect of this is that the rationality of thought imposes a limit on the concept that a person has of his relationship with the cosmos. For example, a non-Zoroastrian could consider Zarathustra simply as a madman who dragged millions of naïve followers into a cult of ritual worship of fire. But without that “madness” Zarathustra would have been just another of the millions or billions of individuals who have lived and then been forgotten.
John F. Nash, Autobiography after the award of the Nobel Prize, 1994
4.- San Agustín
One of the most creative men in the Catholic Church of St. Augustine, bishop of Hippo, has been one of the great innovators in theology and knowledge of God and human affairs. One of its great examples was the ability to define time, where it originates and how it is measured, conclusions that we can elucidate, that time is not measured per se, what is measured are the intervals of what memory captures in a precise moment, because what is no longer, but can be remembered, and what will be is not known but can be expected. Which means that it is only in the soul that time can be measured. Let’s not enter into theological matter but let’s suppose that intelligence comes from the soul and that intelligence is linked to the will of memory. Let’s explain this better if I’m going to sing a song: then I start singing the song remembering the song, when I go in the middle I stop, in that moment I remember what I said and I have to remember what I’m going to say. I can measure the intervals between what I said and what I am going to say, can I say this interval is longer than the other and where am I measuring it? I’m measuring it in the present. So if I measure in the present what was and what could be I do not measure time but I measure the intervals and this can only be done by memory and if the memory necessarily does it, the soul is doing it.
Suppose you do not believe that the soul exists, but keep to its name, its own name. What is left? Only mind to ask each one of you.
Where the creative process of San Agustin comes from. I wonder come the knowledge will come from the intuition or it will come from divine inspiration. If it is knowledge we had to see the thirty years of the study of theology, going from apostate to Christian. We do not know about intuition even though he was male, male, and inspired by God. We should ask ourselves if he has to see the remains of Saint (his mother) asking God for his conversion.
How long did it take to love you,
Beauty so old and so new,
How long did I take love you
Fence where fence,
In the confines of Heaven and Earth,
God would come to meet me.
Well, he said:
Full Heaven and Earth
You made us for You
And our Heart is restless
While not resting in You
5.- Deepak Choppra
Dr. Deepak Chopra is a pioneer of medicine, mind-body.
He is the author of 29 books, which have been translated into 35 languages, and a hundred audio and video series. In 1999, Time magazine called him, THE poet-prophet of Alternative Medicine, and included him in the list of the 100 most representative personalities of the 20th century, which is why he is considered an icon of our time. His ability and versatility has been expressed in his works, in which he has combined physics and philosophy, practicality and spirituality, oriental wisdom and Western science.
6.- Carl Herrera
A basketball player- sportsman Carl Herrera. Won two rings of the NBA. Can they be creative athletes or not? Or let’s see it in another way. What does creativity look like or how an athlete’s creativity resembles that of a researcher? In the creative process in the case of Carl Herrera there is no doubt that we attribute his physical abilities, however, the process in how he improved his sporting capacity, made him worthy of being the only Latin American to win two rings of the NBA. In one of the interviews he commented: “Do not` just train and train hard but it is the process how it is done. Any idea that one adds to dunk more can be innovative. In my case the simple fact of stooping more helped me to dunk more ”
In the case of Carl Herrera, obviously the social media accepted it because he won. Where is the creativity? Then a brilliant talker, a person with diverse hobbies and an agile mind can be considered creative in this regard. Another way is the application to people who experience the world in novel and original ways.
There is no doubt that individuals like Leonardo, Edison Picasso Einstein have changed our culture in some important aspect. They are creative without more. His achievements by definition are public.
7.- Dr. Jacinto Covit
Born in Caracas- Venezuela on 11.9.1913.
Venezuelan doctor whose work has marked an important milestone in epidemiological studies, to develop a vaccine for the cure of one of the most terrible diseases in the history of mankind, leprosy. This remarkable contribution to medical science earned him the postulation in 1988 for the Nobel Prize in Medicine. His parents were Francisco Convit and Martí (Catalan immigrant) and Flora García Marrero, Venezuelan. Those who apart from Jacinto, had four more children, Miguel Ángel, Reinaldo, René and Rafael. It can be said that the Convit Garcia family was for a long time a “well-off” family, until strange circumstances at home precipitated an economic crisis that coincided with the years when Jacinto was to begin his university studies. He completed his secondary education at Andrés Bello high school (Caracas) under the direction of two distinguished teachers: Rómulo Gallegos and Pedro Arnal. In 1937 he met his wife, Rafaela Martota (nurse), marrying her on February 1, 1947, as the father of four children: Francisco (1948), Oscar (1949), Antonio and Rafael (1952). They’re twins.
On September 19, 1932, he entered the medical school of the Central University of Venezuela. In September 1937 he received the Bachelor’s degree in Philosophy, opting for the Doctor of Medical Sciences title, presenting the thesis “Fractures of the Vertebral Column” in 1938. Finally, Convit graduated as Doctor of Medical Sciences on September 27 of 1938. On June 25, 1940, he enrolled in the Book of Registration of Resident Doctors in the Libertador Department of the Federal District as a specialist in internal medicine-skin diseases. The sanitary-epidemiological performance of Convit began in 1937 when a medical student was invited by Martín Vegas (professor of dermatology at the Faculty of Medicine) and Carlos Gil Yépez to attend the leprosarium of Cabo Blanco (Vargas department, Federal District) . Immediately after graduation, he is appointed resident doctor of that leprosarium. Between 1940 and 1943, in parallel to his position in the leprosarium, he works as ad honorem director of the Red Cross (section La Guaira), which allows him to have a wider experience of the medical clinic. During this same period, he also attends to the consultation of skin diseases of the Central Dispensary, belonging to the Venereology school, located in Conde a Piñango (Caracas). In short, from 1937 it is impossible to separate the life of Jacinto Convit from the fight against leprosy in Venezuela. Until 1942 that struggle consisted only in the isolation and treatment of the sick in “leprocoms” that depended on the Social Assistance Directorate of the Ministry of Health and Social Assistance (MSAS). In 1945, Convit was sent by the Ministry of Health to Brazil, to observe the antileprosy services of that country, in which leprosy is still a serious health problem. There he found 35,000 leprosy patients, hospitalized in large sanitariums, which presented multiple problems. Upon his return, he was appointed medical director of the national leprosarium, a position he held until 1946. Also, from January to July 1946, Convit was appointed medical director of the National Antileprosy Services, and since July 1946, Chief Medical Officer of the Division of Leprosy; Therefore, it is his responsibility to organize the entire national network for the fight against leprosy.
In April 1961, Convit received the Order of the Liberator in the rank of Commander and in August the Medal Culture Gaspar Vianna, conferred by the Ministry of Health of Brazil. It should be noted that during these years, Convit invested a great effort in the search for an experimental model for the cure of leprosy. To do so, he inoculated mammals, reptiles and even fish under very diverse conditions. In 1989, Convit announced that it had found that armadillos brought from the area near the Hurí Dam (Bolívar State) were highly susceptible to contracting the leprosy bacillus (M. leprae), which causes the disease to spread; unlike the armadillos of other regions. From the study with these animals, Convit and his group of researchers developed a vaccine that could help people with leprosy. Subsequently, Convit stated that the use of the leprosy vaccine model was viable to cure Leishmaniasis. Over time, a complete success in the cure of this disease. In recognition of his work in the search for vaccines for the cure of leprosy and leishmaniasis, Convit was nominated in 1988 to the Nobel Prize in Medicine. Despite having health disorders since 1996, which forced him to move away from clinical laboratories, Jacinto Convit is still active and concerned about the fate of Venezuela.
8.- Dr. Luis Alberto Machado.
He was a Venezuelan State Minister in 80’s years, he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize.
Sold more than 1,000,000 books Intelligence Revolution in less than 1 year.
“Nobody is born Genius. Nor predestined to be. There is a difference between the nature of the Intelligence of a Genius and that of a normal man. The neurons of a human being, are not different from those of any other human being, even if it is Michelangelo, Einstein, Mozart, Aristotle, Alexander or Shakespeare. There is no unfathomable mystery in the Intelligence of Genius. ”
“There is no doubt that the project, in its entirety, will be considered one of the great social experiments of this century.”
“The Venezuelan Minister may be offering the most important gift of the southern countries to the rest of the world, since the Arabs created zero and in India they invented chess”
Varindra Tarzie Vittachi
In the Newsweek Magazine
“We could almost argue that we are witnessing here, on a world level, a Revolution, even more important than the one that unleashed, the Method, of Descartes in seventeenth-century Europe.”
Lumiere Magazine, Paris
“… In the early eighties the Venezuelan Luis Alberto Machado rehearsed in his country the most fantastic and audacious social experiment of modern times: an immaculate revolution of contemporary pedagogy”
Carlos Alberto Montaner
9.- Marilyn Monroe. Book of The Power of Seduction. “Robert Greene”
Norma Jean Mortensen, the future Marilyn Monroe, spent part of her childhood in orphanages in Los Angeles, her days were full of tasks and not games at school, she kept herself, smiled rarely and dreamed a lot.
One day when she was thirteen, when she was dressed for school, she noticed that the white blouse that the orphanage provided was torn, so she had to put on a sweater from a younger girl in the house, the sweater was from a Smaller size, that day suddenly, the boys chased her wherever she went.
She was extremely well developed for her age. She wrote in her journal: they looked at my sweater as if it were a gold mine.
From there she felt the way to capture the growing attention for which she managed to be very ambitious, she began to laugh more, to wear makeup and to dress differently.
Years later, Marilyn was trying to get involved in the movies, starting as an extra, and when she came out on the screen the men in the audience went wild. And the theaters were filled.
When she was 23 years old, she met someone at a dinner that involved her in a movie where she was going to be an exuberant catira, who walked with a lot of sensuality and offered a mixture of innocence and sex, which Ella got.
Her voice was very attractive, in the voice of a girl, until someone taught her to lower her tone of voice, getting lower and lower until it became a mixed voice of a small erotic girl, becoming her seduction brand.
He spent hours before the mirror, many people assumed his vanity, she was in love with his image. The truth is that that image took hours to be created.
He spent years studying and practicing the Art of Makeup.
The voice, the walk, the face, and the Look, were all built, as an Act.
“She was a woman who expelled sexual vibrations when filming the scenes of the movies without needing to be thinking or performing sex scenes,” said several of her filmmakers.
She loved her body, and what it could do about the male libido.
She transformed her physical presence into an instrument, making this an instrument of glamor and sex.
Many women had many tricks to feed their sexapeal, but unlike Marilyn she had an unconscious element.
His childhood was deprived of affection, his deepest need was to feel Love and Desire. This made her constantly vulnerable, like a little girl seeking protection.
She emanated this need for Love before the Chambers. It really came from within, his innocence was precisely what Exited Men.
Others Creative Women in the World:
1.- Margaret Butler, Mathematics, Computer Science. American. First woman elected member of the American Nuclear Society.
2.-Nadine Gordimer, South African, Writer. Nobel Prize for Literature (1991).
3.- Hilde Domin, Alemana, Poetisa, essayist, translator. He has received the Prize: Rilke- Preis (Germany, 1976).
4.- Kitty Carlisle Hart. American, artistic director, actress and singer.
He has received: National Medal of Arts (1991. More than 25 titles of credit of the theater scene, in musical comedy, opera, operetta and drama.
5.- Hazle Henderson. American, Economist, author of books. Named Citizen of the Year by the Medical Society of New York, for her role in the Citizens Foundation Pro Aire Puro.
6.- Joan Weimer Konner. American, Administrator of the University, Director of Radio, Producer of Television. He has received: 12 Emmys Awards.
7.- Brenda Milner. Canadian, Neuropsychologist. Research contributions on the function of the temporal lobe and memory disorders and the effects of unilateral brain injuries in the brain organization. He has received the Isaac Walton Killan Award (1983), Grand Lady of Merit of the Order of Malta (1985).
8.- Marina Whitman, American, Economist, Professor. Vice President and Chief Economist and Director of the General Motors Corporation Group.
He has received: the Catalyst Award (1976), Award of Excellence from Columbia University (1984), Member of the Council of Economic Advisers.
9.- Rosalyn Yalow, American, Physics, Medical. He has received the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine (1977).
10.- Eva Zeigel, Hungarian, Ceramic Designer.
He received: The Superior Scholarship NEA (1985), Award of the Order of the Star (Hungary, 1987), traveling retrospective exhibition in the United States and Canada, organized by Le Chateau DUfresne and the Smithsonian Institution (1984).