1.-First (1st.) there is a current perception:In adults eyesight perceives first.
As children touch perceives first then comes the sight. When this perception finishes, it remains a renewed one.
2.-Second (2nd.): Idea
An idea is like an image (born of renewed perceptions of current perceptions). How are these perceptions renewed?:
-Imagination or fantasy.
3.-Third (3rd.): Sure Judgment of perceived (idea) which is called knowledge:
Soul has the power to renew perceptions, and this ability is called memory.
“Everything that is in the universe, either by presence, essence or fiction, in effect, it will be first in a painter ́s mind and afterwards in his hands.”Leonardo Da Vinci
These renewed perceptions are called memories since they are in the same order in which they happened and were experienced.
When you alter the order in which those renewed perceptions happened and were experienced and then combine them in ways different from the way they were originally put together in the soul. This memory is called imagination or fantasy. Dreams are a real example.
– The Power of dreams to create: to create dreams must have different combinations of renewed perceptions in memory, but they have to occur in different time or moments and they were not together originally in the soul.
This process involves combining things that happened at the age of 12, with things that happened at the age of 24 and with things that happened yesterday.
Therefore, these things happening in the past will be brought back to memory and get combined, but due to they were different moments once they are combined, as a result, they create something completely different.
– Connection or relationship of external sensitive perception: According to Andres Bello and Mozart, there is a connection between the sight and touch. There is also a connection between hearing and smell.
– Some considerations about Mozart concerning these external sensitive connections:
Part of Mozart’s success was due to the fact that he made the sounds that were non-conventional, creating diverse impressions to the soul. Thesehearing perceptions were significant and foresight perceptions of eyesightand touch (i.e. hearing generates or affects sensations of sight, touch).
When I hear something, I associate it with something visual or tactile.
– Quality of a touch surface: what the soul perceives is not those several light changes, which correspond to different qualities of a tactilesurface sent to the eyes, nor the various modifications of the functionalimpression that correspond to light changes. “What we directly perceive are the sensations that these impressions issue in turn in the soul where consciousness witnesses them”. Thus, it requires working on qualities that make feelings exciting and provoke sensations in the soul.
Example: those visual qualities, such as light, contrast, depth, perspective, shadow, color, lines, movement, symbols, emotions and symbols that refer to represent emotions.
Preponderance of touch sense as a broad sense par excellence: Tactile perceptions are the most important of all. Touch is the master of the senses, the others are references or suggestions of previous associations, reports that touch would give us if applied directly to it. All of the other senses overlap qualities and particular characteristic of tactile objects. Hence, a need to work on tactile qualities to create; Da Vinci did it through the study of anatomy, structure and materials, and the using of metaphors and tactile terms when speaking about images.
“All fundamental themes of Mozart are there, both as the outline of all its melodic movements slow or fast: terror, fear, exile, nostalgia, jealousy, love, faith, courage, mercy.” About Idomeneo of Mozart
If touch has been the master of the senses, eyesight has been the first disciple. That is why babies played first, because contact precedes vision.
– Complexities of phenomena produced in the soul by internal sensitive perceptions: Soul sees, remembers, and imagines an object able to affect us pleasantly or painfully. These complex phenomena are usually called: emotions, feelings, affections and passions. Among these are: joy, sadness, fear, anger, affection, aversion, pity, horror, admiration and shame.
The true seat of all these perceptions is the soul.
Types of internal sensitive perceptions (or Families):
First: A remote cause of sensation is a corporeal agent immediately perceived by any of the external senses.
Second: The second remote cause of sensation, is a mental agent affecting organs and perceived by consciousness. Sometimes, this agency belongs to the understanding and other times it is a determination of the Will that produces a muscle contraction called effort.
Third: Here the remote cause awakens an organic impression that is originally unknown, that can be produced by something hidden, supernatural, or a higher being.
a) Equality, more and less: when comparing qualities not only do we envision similarities between them, but other types of relationships. Example: it says, “A is whiter than B” or “B is less white than A”.
About susceptible qualities of more and less the name of adjectives may be used. When mentioning a particular quality that a body is bigger than another is, it means that it is larger in size or volume.
Quantity refers to a quality. The relationship of more and less often combines with itself, forming relationships of relationships. Likewise, “much” and “how much” means the same as “equal”.The number is the quantity that we think from the point of view of adding; anything where there is no addition is called one. However, if there is an addition or a set, that refers to: two, three, and so on.
b) Succession: perception of the before and after, what we call succession, is a relative perception.
Succession and coexistence are two forms of the same kind of relationship, and constitute a boundary between the prior and posterity. Any duration consists of successive acts and according to the perceived understanding; these indivisible acts are what we call moments.
The principle of succession or concept of succession is not given by sensation or intuition. This is a judgment, that is the work of judgment and reason.
c) Time: time is the duration of things.
Duration is only for things that last. Thus, time is the workmanship of imagination, because length does not exist but in things that last, as well as the extension or whiteness does not exist only in the extensive or white things.
To add successions is once again to form time sequences.
Relationship of cause and effect: Connections are born from the relationships of the mentioned before.
“A painter whose desire is to be universal, and please diverse opinions, will make very dark masses in a single composition and a lot of sweetness in the shadows; but careful of apparent good reason and causality of them.”Leonardo Da Vinci.
Usually, between two natural phenomena such connection to be verified that one of them is checked consecutively another. Causality is only but a constant succession of two related phenomena.
Power is considered causality quality of the substance, whose presence in the second phenomenon is involved and in given circumstances it entails. This relationship regarded as a quality of the substance that produces the effect, called susceptibility or ability. Example: the salt is able or capable of dissolving in water and water has the power or virtue to dissolve.
Experience is simply the memory of certain links of backgrounds and consequences. No one can perceive the future, because the future is not yet, but we form our future based on our memories and facts passing through.
d) Idea of possibility: the idea of possibility is born from the relationship of cause and effect. It is Possible regarding to the effect it will cause and the power or faculty to produce it. Example: Running is possible for a dog; ergo a dog has the power to run.
The idea of possibility leads to the idea of necessity. To say that one thing is necessary means that it is impossible that is not.
How do you get to necessity?
– It is reached through the empirical principle, which is the stability of phenomenal connections.
– Moreover, by the causality principle: the precedence principle requires of a phenomenon or set of phenomena to any new phenomenon.